Cataract surgery is a procedure to remove the cataract, or clouded lens, from your eye. It is usually done as an outpatient procedure, which means you can go home the same day.
Most people who have cataract surgery experience improved vision afterward. In some cases, cataract surgery can also correct other vision problems, such as farsightedness or nearsightedness.
Types of surgeries
There are several types of cataract surgery. The most common type is phacoemulsification, which uses a device that emits ultrasonic waves to break up the cataract so it can be removed through a small incision.
Another type of cataract surgery is extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE). In this procedure, the surgeon removes the cataract through a larger incision in the eye and leaves the outer membrane of the lens intact.
How is it performed?
Cataract surgery is usually performed under local anesthesia, which numbs the area around your eye. You may also be given a sedative to help you relax.
During phacoemulsification, the surgeon makes a small incision in your eye and inserts a thin probe that emits ultrasonic waves. The sound waves break up the cataract so it can be suctioned out of your eye.
In an ECCE, the surgeon makes a larger incision and removes the cataract in one piece. The outer membrane of the lens is left intact.
Most people with cataracts are suitable for surgery. In some cases, cataracts may not yet be mature enough to be removed. In other cases, cataracts may be too advanced for surgery to be effective. Book a consultation to see if you are a suitable candidate for cataract surgery.
Things to consider
Before undergoing cataract surgery, it is important to discuss your expectations with your surgeon. It is also important to understand the risks and potential complications of cataract surgery.
Cataract surgery is generally safe and effective, but like any surgery, there are risks involved. Complications from cataract surgery are rare, but can include infection, bleeding, or inflammation.
It is also important to know that cataract surgery does not prevent future cataracts from developing. In some cases, cataracts may reappear after surgery.
If you have cataracts in both eyes, you will likely need to have surgery on both eyes. This can usually be done on the same day or on different days, depending on your preference.
Pros and cons of cataract surgery
Cataract surgery can improve your vision and quality of life. It is a safe and effective procedure with a high success rate.
However, cataract surgery is a major surgery and carries the risk of complications. It is also important to know that cataract surgery does not prevent future cataracts from developing.
Are there any age restrictions?
Cataract surgery can be performed on people of all ages. In most cases, cataracts develop slowly and do not cause symptoms until later in life.
However, cataracts can also develop in young people and children. In these cases, cataract surgery may be necessary to improve vision.
What is the success rate?
Cataract surgery is a very successful procedure with a high success rate. Most people who have cataract surgery experience improved vision afterward.
In some cases, cataract surgery can also correct other vision problems, such as farsightedness or nearsightedness.
How long does the surgery take?
Cataract surgery usually takes about an hour. However, the time may vary depending on the type of cataract and the type of surgery you have.
Is it painful?
Cataract surgery is usually not painful. You will be given local anesthesia to numb the area around your eye. You may also be given a sedative to help you relax.
Length of hospital stay
Most people who have cataract surgery can go home the same day. In some cases, you may need to stay overnight for observation.
After cataract surgery, your eye will be covered with a protective shield. You will need to wear this shield for the first few days to protect your eye from injury.
You will be given eyedrops to help prevent infection and inflammation. It is important to use these drops as directed.
You should avoid strenuous activity for the first few days after surgery. You should also avoid getting soap or water in your eye during this time.
Most people experience some discomfort and blurred vision for a few days after surgery. These symptoms usually go away within a week.
Book a consultation
If you are considering cataract surgery, book a consultation with our team of experts. We will discuss your options and help you make the best decision for your needs.
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